30 Jun Civics 101: Would you pass the test to become an American Citizen? (Part Three)
- What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
Freedom of expression, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, freedom to petition the government, freedom to worship, the right to bear arms.
- What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? The United States; the flag.
- What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen? To give up loyalty to other countries; to defend the United States Constitution and the laws of the United States; to obey the laws of the United States; to serve in the United States military (if needed), serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed); be loyal to the United States.
- How old do citizens have to be to vote for the President? 18 and older.
- What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy? Vote; join a political party; help with a campaign; call senators and representatives; publicly support or oppose an issue or policy; run for office; join a civic group; join a community group; give an elected official your opinion on an issue.
- When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms? April 15.
- When must all men register for the Selective Service? 18.
- What is one reason colonists came to America? Freedom; political liberty; religious freedom; economic opportunity; to practice their religion; to escape persecution.
- Who live in America before the Europeans arrived? American Indians; Native Americans.
- What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves? Africans; People from Africa.
- Why did the colonists fight the British? Because of high taxes (taxation without representation); because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding and quartering); because they didn’t have self-government.
- Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson.
- When was the Declaration of Independence adopted? July 4, 1776.
- There were 13 original states. Name three. New Hampshire; Massachusetts; Rhode Island; Connecticut; New York; New Jersey; Pennsylvania; Delaware; Maryland; Virginia; North Carolina; South Carolina; Georgia.
- What happened at the Constitutional Convention? The Constitution was written; the Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
- When was the Constitution written? 1787
- The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the United States Constitution. Name one of the writers. James Madison; Alexander Hamilton; John Jay; Publius.
- What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? He was a United States diplomat; he was the oldest member of the Continental Congress; He was the first Postmaster General of the United States; He was the writer of “Poor Richard’s Alamanac.” He started the first free libraries.
- Who is the “Father of our Country?” George Washington
- Who was the first President of the United States? George Washington.
- What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803? Louisiana; the Louisiana Territory.
- Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s? War of 1812; the Mexican-American War; the Civil War; the Spanish-American War.
- Name the U.S. War between the North and the South. Civil War; War between the States.
- Name one problem that led to the Civil War? Slavery; states’ rights; economic reasons.
- What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did? He freed the slaves (through the Emancipation Proclamation); he saved (or preserved) the Union; he led the United States during the Civil War.
Why is it important to know our history? Our history has formed our culture. It defines who we are, our method of government. Many have sacrificed both their comfort and their lives to defend our country. These are a few of the many reasons it is important to know our history.
To illustrate my point, please view the following short clip of residents in Philadelphia, the city called “the cradle of freedom,” answering some of the questions I have asked you over my last three blogs on Civics 101.