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STATE BY STATE ANALYSIS of MARRIAGE LAWS AND AMENDMENTS

Alabama: A constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage was approved in June, 2006.

Alaska: Defense of Marriage Act is law and part of the state constitution. ACLU is suing to force the state to grant marriage benefits to unmarried couples.

Arizona: Voters passed a marriage amendment on November 4, 2008

Arkansas: On Nov. 2, 2004, voters passed a constitutional amendment that bans homosexual marriage and forbids any civil unions or other unmarried arrangements synonymous to homosexual marriage. Vote was 75% to 25%.

California: Voters passed Proposition 8 on November 4, 2008 that defines marriage as a one-man, one-woman union in the California state constitution.

Colorado: Voters approved a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage in 2006.

Connecticut: The Connecticut Supreme Court mandated homosexual marriage in October 2008.

Delaware: DOMA as state law; no constitutional amendment.

Florida: Voters passed a marriage amendment to the Florida constitution on November 4, 2008.

Georgia: On Nov. 2, 2004, voters passed a marriage amendment by a 76% margin and bans civil unions. It is being challenged by homosexuals.

Hawaii: Constitutional amendment bans same-sex marriage but state grants limited benefits to same-sex partners.

Idaho: Voters approved a marriage amendment in 2006.

Illinois: DOMA enacted but constitutional amendment failed.

Indiana: State law prohibits same-sex marriage.

Iowa: DOMA as state law. Senate voted down constitutional amendment protecting marriage. A new marriage amendment has been submitted.

Kansas: Voters on April 5, 2005 passed a constitutional amendment defining marriage as a one man, one woman union. It passed by a 70% margin.

Kentucky: Voters on Nov. 2, 2004 passed a marriage amendment by a 75% margin. It bans homosexual marriage and civil unions.

Louisiana: DOMA as state law. Voters approved constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage and civil unions by 4-to-1 margin. Vote overturned by liberal judge on Oct. 5, 2004. The case is in now in court awaiting a decision.

Maine: DOMA as state law. Constitutional amendment failed in House and Senate.

Maryland: State law prohibits same-sex marriage.

Massachusetts: In 2003, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ordered the legislature to enact a law granting marriage to homosexuals. In July, 2008, the Massachusetts legislature voted to remove residency requirement for out-of-state homosexual marriages.

Michigan: On Nov. 2, 2004, voters passed an amendment banning same-sex marriage and civil unions by a 59% margin.

Minnesota: DOMA as state law but constitutional amendment failed when legislature ad- journed in May without voting on it. A marriage amendment is under consideration in 2005.

Mississippi: On Nov. 2, 2004, voters passed an amendment by an 86% margin. It bans same-sex marriage and does not recognize homosexual marriages from other states. Does not ban civil unions.

Missouri: DOMA as state law and written into the state constitution.

Montana: On Nov. 2, 2004, voters passed an amendment banning same-sex marriage by a 67% margin. ACLU is suing for spousal benefits for homosexuals. Does not ban civil unions.

Nebraska: DOMA is in the state constitution. ACLU sued to overturn amendment. In May, 2005, a federal judge declared DOMA unconstitutional. He was overruled in 2006 and the amendment was reinstituted.

Nevada: DOMA written into the state constitution.

New Hampshire: State law bans same-sex marriage.

New Jersey: In 2006, Gov. Jon Corzine signed a bill permitting homosexuals to enter into civil unions.

New Mexico: Legislature killed marriage amendment in 2005.

New York: No DOMA. Bills recognizing or banning same-sex marriage have been intro- duced but none have passed yet. ACLU and Lambda Legal are suing for “right” to marry homosexuals.

North Carolina: An amendment was submitted in 2005.

North Dakota: 73% of the voters on Nov. 2, 2004 chose to amend the constitution to ban homosexual marriage and any other counterfeit of marriage, including civil unions.

Ohio: 62% of the voters on Nov. 2, 2004, voted to ban same-sex marriage and civil unions.

Oklahoma: 76% of the voters on Nov. 2, 2004, voted to protect marriage. The amend- ment bans any homosexual marriage/civil unions. Homosexuals are suing to overturn federal DOMA.

Oregon: 57% of the voters on Nov. 2, 2004, passed a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. Does not ban civil unions.

Pennsylvania: DOMA as state law; constitutional amendment to be introduced.

Rhode Island: No DOMA. State Attorney General says state constitution mandates ho- mosexual marriage.

South Carolina: Voters passed marriage amendment in 2006.

South Dakota: Voters passed a marriage amendment in 2006.

Tennessee: Voters passed a marriage amendment in 2006.

Texas: Voters passed an amendment protecting traditional marriage in November 2005.

Utah: 66% of the voters on Nov. 2, 2004, voted to protect marriage by banning homosexual marriage and civil unions.

Vermont: Homosexual civil unions are legal in this state. No DOMA has passed.

Virginia: Marriage amendment was passed in 2006.

Washington: DOMA as state law.

West Virginia: DOMA as state law. Law challenged by ACLU but it is upheld by state Supreme Court.

Wisconsin: Voters passed a marriage amendment in 2006.

Wyoming: Wyoming has a statute protecting marriage. The legislature killed an amendment effort in 2005.